Ok, getting back to the actual tutorial - by this point we should be able to gather all of the materials we will need for sewing skating costumes. Once you have your machines, fabric, and patterns ready to go, it is time to trace the pattern, adjust it for fit, and cut out the fabric. For this part of the tutorial you will need: measuring tape, your pattern, tracing paper and tools, scissors, and your fabric cutting supplies.
|Gather your supplies.|
Step 1: Measure your skater
This should be pretty obvious, but first you will need to measure your skater to determine what envelop size you will need to trace. Follow the instructions on the pattern, but typically you measure bust, waist, hips, back length, and crotch depth (from the belly button around the bottom to the indentation of the lower back). I also like to measure arm length (shoulder to wrist) if you are going to be making sleeves. I would add some length to the arm pattern pieces anyway - they always seem to be a bit short, and you can always hem them shorter if need be.
|Read the envelop or instructions to determine the proper size for tracing.|
Step 2: Trace your pattern
You may have to use multiple sizes (I know that I have to use a mix of medium and large for myself) so just try to have a smooth transition going from one size to the next. Make sure that you also trace important markings and the lengthen/shorten lines.
|Note how I used the medium and large sizes in one tracing.|
Also make sure to copy important markings, such as lengthen lines.
Step 3: Cut out your pattern and adjust for length
Cut out your pattern (do NOT use your good fabric scissors - you should use your paper cutting scissors for this and keep fabric scissors for fabric only). Follow the instructions in the envelop to appropriately adjust the length - some patterns have only one lengthen line, but most have 2. Often, back length determines added length in the top of the leotard, and the crotch depth will determine how much should be added or removed at the lower lengthen line. Carefully read this part of the instructions! Usually you have to divide the number in half and then take a difference to figure out your adjustments. The Kwik Sew instructions are especially good at describing this. Make sure you adjust the same on the front and back pattern pieces. Adjusting the length is critical for fitting a leotard - the fabric stretch should go around the body more than up and down, so having the length correct is critical.
|You can see where I added length to the top half of the pattern. |
I did not need to use the bottom adjustment line for myself.
|Here is a look at my TNT pattern - this had only one lengthen line in the middle, |
and I had to lengthen it by two inches. This was the first pattern I ever used,
so I cut it out of the original pattern. Not recommended.
Step 4: Preparing the skirt pattern
Ok, so I have to admit that I am a bit of a skating costume snob, and one of my fundamental beliefs is that a skirt can make or break a costume. If it is cut wrong, or placed wrong it can make a skater look wide, stocky, or show off more than everyone else wants to see. Also, I typically find that the curvier your skater, the less frilly you want your skirt. The goal is to make the hips look as slender as possible while making the skater's leg look long, lean, and elegant. For this reason I am NOT a fan of (1) having a skirt where the seam makes a circle around the hip-bone and (2) stitching the skirt in between the top and bottom sections of the leotard. I know sewing people will disagree with me, because sewing people hate exposed stitches, BUT (especially on curvy people) it is much more flattering to have (1) a V-shape to the waist seam of the skirt and (2) topstitch the skirt onto the costume. The V-shaped seam should be obvious - by creating a V-point it emphasizes the length of the torso, it creates a seam that de-emphasizes the width of the hips, and it emphasizes the narrowness of the waist. Look at every Disney princess - the cut on the bodice of their ball gowns has this V-shape to it. It creates an elegant look and we are going to use it for our skating costumes. As far as the topstitching goes - it helps the skirt to lie flat. Stretch fabric has this annoying tendency to roll. And if you insert it into a seam it is going to poof out. We want to avoid poof, especially on the midsection. So, topstitching. Honestly, the top-stitching is not noticeable, especially at the distance the skaters are on the floor. Even in close-up figure dresses the top stitching isn't distracting. The cut of the dress and slim fit of the skirt will be noticeable. The topstitching is not. Trust me.
So, although there really are a multitude of skirt options available, I am going to show you how I do "my" skirts - the flat symmetric skirt, and the flat asymmetric skirt. Since these are self-drafted patterns I can't point to you a pattern, but you can look at my pattern pieces and probably make up something yourself without too much difficulty. Because, really they are very basic pattern pieces:
Step 5: Cut your fabric
Ok, so now that we have our pattern pieces all ready to go, it is time to get to the fabric cutting. This will probably make people cringe, but I am not the most precise fabric cutter. I pretty much fold my fabric in half, put the pattern on top with some weights (cans of soup/olives/etc. work well), and cut around it with the rotary cutter. I cut out the fashion fabric and the lining fabric separately though. I don't really have a lot of tips, except to be careful with the rotary cutter - it is sharp!
|Ruler makes a good pattern weight.|
I just fold over the fabric and cut double.
I loves me my Olfa!
Also, sometimes I change the pattern while I am cutting (yeah... I freehand a bit... not recommended for beginners, but after a while you start to "see" how to adjust things on the fly), so in that case I use the cut fabric as the "pattern" when cutting out the lining, just to make sure it is the same:
|I am using my freehand pieces to cut out lining for the straps.|
My lining fabric is thick lycra because my fashion fabrics are both quite thin.
If I have a thicker lycra, I use a thinner lining fabric.
Structure is still importnat, even in spandex.
Step 6: Prepare to start sewing!
That's it for today! Next time we will start sewing the bodysuit, so make sure your have your ball-point needles handy!
|Two costumes, cut out and ready to sew!|